Amos was compared early in her career to everyone from Kate Bush to Joni Mitchell.
She began playing the piano aged two-and-a-half, and was enrolled in Baltimore's
Peabody Institute as a five-year-old prodigy. Legend has it that she was formally
ejected for "playing by ear" the songs of John Lennon and the Doors,
following six years study. After failing an audition to gain re-entry, Amos concentrated
on the bar circuit of Washington, DC, which she continued to do throughout her
high-school years, gradually moving to better venues and adding her own material.
In 1980, aged 17, she released (under her real name, Ellen Amos) her first single
"Baltimore"/"Walking With You" on the MEA label (named after
her own initials). She favoured cover versions such as Joni Mitchell's "A
Case Of You", Billie Holiday's "Strange Fruit" and Bill Withers'
"Ain't No Sunshine", later staples of her 90s live set. Amos then adopted
the first name Tori, after a friend's boyfriend's remark that she "didn't
look much like an Ellen, more like a Tori".
Still the dozens of demo tapes she had recorded since her early teens (mostly
sent out by her doting father) failed to give her a break, and she switched tack
to front pop-rock band Y Kant Tori Read (a play on words that referred to her
previous expulsion from the conservatory). Musicians in the band included guitarist
Steve Farris (ex-Mr. Mister), Matt Sorum (future Cult and Guns N'Roses drummer),
Vinny Coliauta (Frank Zappa), Peter White (co-writer to Al Stewart) and Kim Bullard
(ex-Poco), but the production and material (largely co-composed between Bullard
and Amos) did her few favours.
Amos lowered her profile for a while after this undignified release, though
she did appear on albums by Stewart, Canadian songwriter Ferron and Stan Ridgway.
As she remembers, "After the trauma I crumbled. I was very confused about
why I was doing music." Nevertheless, she persevered in writing her own
songs, and eventually a tape of these reached Atlantic Records' co-chairman,
Doug Morris. Though he saw the germ of her talent, he decided that her current
sound was to the taste of the average American-FM listener, and sent Amos instead
to the UK (and East West Records) so that she might enjoy a better reception.
Amos moved to London in February 1991 and started playing small-scale gigs around
the capital. Her "debut" EP, Me And A Gun, was released in October
1991, and tackled the emotive and disturbing topic of her rape by an armed "fan"
as she drove him home after a gig. An acclaimed debut album, Little Earthquakes,
followed in January 1992, although the comparisons to Kate Bush continued (not
helped by a similar cover design).
Much of the following year was spent writing and recording a second
album with co-producer and partner Eric Rosse. The result, Under
The Pink, included a guest appearance from Trent Reznor (Nine Inch
Nails), and was recorded in his new home - the house where in 1969
Sharon Tate was murdered by Charles Manson's followers. The first
single lifted from it, "Cornflake Girl", reached number
4 in the UK charts in January 1994. The follow-up, "Pretty
Good Year", reached number 7 in March, and with the album topping
the UK chart Amos confirmed she was now a commercial force. She
was heralded in the press, alongside Polly Harvey (PJ Harvey) and
Bjork, as part of a new wave of intelligent, literate female songwriters.
This was cemented with the release of the sexually charged Boys
For Pele. Quite apart from having a baby pig suckling on her breast
on the cover, the lyrics were a powerful combination of artistic
and erotic liberation. Armand Van Helden's remix of "Professional
Widow' gained a huge club following and secured Amos a UK number
1 hit. Several of the songs on the follow-up, From The Choirgirl
Hotel, were informed by Amos" recent miscarriage. The album
proved to be her most mature and musically adventurous to date,
Amos recording with a full band for the first time. A prolific songwriting
burst led to the release of the double To Venus And Back the following
year. From mtv.com